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Different strengths or dosage forms of theophylline can have different storage requirements. The dosage library information science administration of Theophylline varies according to the size and breed of the pet being treated, and library information science type and severity of their illness, but typically, the drug is taken every 6, 8, 12, or 24 hours.

The drug works best when it is taken on an empty stomach and at least an hour library information science or two hours after eating.

It can be stored at room temperature, but should be kept away from light, heat, and moisture. Theophylline is available in a range of formulations, including tablet, capsule, and oral liquid. It is extremely important to administer the medication exactly as prescribed by the veterinarian. When administering Theophylline in tablet form, the tablet needs to be swallowed whole, not chewed. Give this library information science to your pet exactly as your veterinarian prescribes.

If you miss giving your pet a dose of theophylline, give the next dose as soon library information science you remember or, if it is close to the next scheduled dose, return to the regular schedule. Due to the way this drug is metabolized, the dose for your pet will be calculated benefits on their ideal or lean body weight. Theophylline levels can be measured, and your animal's dose can be adjusted based on monitoring their blood level.

Wash your hands after giving your pet this medication. Theophylline is a medication used to treat asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as a second-line drug. It is a bronchodilator.

This activity reviews the indications, action, and contraindications for theophylline as a potential agent in treating asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

This activity will highlight the mechanism of action, adverse event profile, pharmacokinetics, and drug interactions library information science for members of the interprofessional team in the treatment of patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Objectives: Describe the mechanism of action of theophylline. Review the therapeutic uses of theophylline.

Explain the side effects of theophylline. Outline the importance of collaboration and coordination among the interprofessional team to enhance patient care when dosing and monitoring theophylline therapy. Theophylline is a drug derived from methylxanthine (a purine derivative) and has smooth muscle relaxant, library information science dilation, diuretic, cardiac and central nervous system (CNS) stimulant activities.

It is naturally present region small amounts in tea and cocoa beans and was initially extracted and synthesized in 1895 and used as a diuretic. In 1922, it came out as a library information science treatment for asthma after identifying its bronchodilator effect. It is used to treat various respiratory conditions that obstruct the airways, such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

According to the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) in 2018, the management of acute COPD with IV theophylline is not recommended by the current clinical practice guidelines due to its significant side effects.

It also reduces the airway responsiveness to histamine, adenosine, methacholine, and allergens. It exerts these effects mainly through two distinct mechanisms:Theophylline can be used as an oral agent (rapid or slow-release tablets, solution, syrup, or library information science or in a more soluble form such as aminophylline (an ethylenediamine salt of theophylline) that can be dosed orally or intravenously.

Cautiously administer theophylline in a patient who has consumed large amounts of foods or drinks with high caffeine content, which could increase the risk of side effects of library information science. Patients can be administered IV theophylline library information science acute bronchospasm.

IV aminophylline was previously a frequent therapy used to manage acute exacerbations of COPD and asthma but now sees much less frequent use, as it is far less effective than nebulized beta2-agonists.

After this, the patient receives a maintenance dose of 0. In patients already taking theophylline, or those library information science any factors that decrease its clearance from the body, doses should be cut in half, and its plasma concentration is checked more frequently. Administering solutions comprising dextrose concurrently through the same administration route as blood may result in hemolysis or pseudo-agglutination and should be avoided.

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